Biological Medicines

:Biological Medicines

Biomedical drugs or biological drugs: Medicines taken from biological sources. Vaccines, blood and its products, somatic cells, allergens, biological tissues and recombinant proteins are the most well-known types of biochemicals.

These types of drugs that are distinct from chemical synthesized drugs are based on the protein derived from living cells cultured in the lab. Biomedicals enter the body by injection or intravenous (IV). With the advent of modern and up-to-date molecular biologic techniques, their use in medicine has grown tremendously over the past ten years, although biomedicine has been used to treat the disease for over 100 years.

Biologics are different from traditional systemic drugs that affect the entire immune system, biologists target specific parts of the body’s immune system.

R & D investment in new drugs in the biological industry was $ 65 billion in 2008. Some examples of biologic drugs made with recombinant DNA technology include:

USAN/INNBrandSicknessTechnologyThe mechanism of the work
AbataceptOrenciaRheumatoid ArthritisBadten CTLA-4 Fusion ProteinLymphocyte T (T)
AdalimumabHumira & CinnoRARheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Psoriatic arthritis, Psoriasis, Crohns (disease)Antibody titerAntagonist (biochemical) agent of alpha-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)
alefaceptAmeviveChronic psoriasis plaqueG1 Protein Fusion ProteinIt is not completely clear
ErythropoietinEpogenAnemia caused by cancer chemotherapy, chronic renal failure, and so on.Recombinant proteinStimulates the production of red blood cells
EtanerceptEnbrel & AltebrelRheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Psoriatic arthritis, PsoriasisHuman recombinant protein receptor-TNFTNF antagonist
InfliximabRemicadeRheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Psoriatic arthritis, Psoriasis, Wounded colitis, Crohns (disease)Monoclonal antibodyTNF antagonist
TrastuzumabHerceptinBreast CancerHuman Monoclonal AntibodyAntagonist (HER2 / neu erbB2)
UstekinumabStelaraPsoriasisHuman Monoclonal AntibodyAntagonists of IL-12 and IL-23
denileukin diftitoxOntakCellular Lymphoma of the Cell CTCL (T)Diphtheria poison protein engineer Interleukin 2 and Diphtheria poisonInterleukin receptor adhesive 2
GolimumabSimponiRheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn’s disease (psoriasis), PsoriasisAntibody titerTNF antagonist

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